When were the first European cafes, or coffee houses founded?

When were the first European cafes, or coffee houses founded?

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  1. When were the first European cafes, or coffee houses founded?

    Late 17th century. Once the Turks had been kicked out of the environs of Vienna and out of their country, then the Austrians turned to enjoying their coffee… very soon they had spread to London, and Lloyd’s Coffee House opened in 1688. Business gentlemen used the coffee house to discuss business, invented insurance there and their club became the famous insurance organisation. In Vienna there are still fine, old-fashioned coffee houses and in the other old Austro-Hungarian Imperial capitals – such as Budapest and Prague. In Prague, The Café Louvre, founded in 1902, continues that tradition and has been conserved just as it should be – you can enjoy sitting where Albert Einstein and Franz Kafka sat chatting. Visit YouTube and ask for ‘Prague – a Day at the Café Louvre’ to see a traditional ‘Kavarna’ – and behind the scenes. Above is a photo of it in the early 1900s – SW

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  2. European travelers to the Near East brought back stories of an unusual dark black beverage. By the 17th century, coffee had made its way to Europe and was becoming popular across the continent.
    Some people reacted to this new beverage with suspicion or fear, calling it the “bitter invention of Satan.” The local clergy condemned coffee when it came to Venice in 1615. The controversy was so great that Pope Clement VIII was asked to intervene. He decided to taste the beverage for himself before making a decision, and found the drink so satisfying that he gave it papal approval.

    When were the first European cafes, or coffee houses founded?

    Despite such controversy, coffee houses were quickly becoming centers of social activity and communication in the major cities of England, Austria, France, Germany and Holland. In England “penny universities” sprang up, so called because for the price of a penny one could purchase a cup of coffee and engage in stimulating conversation.
    Coffee began to replace the common breakfast drink beverages of the time — beer and wine. Those who drank coffee instead of alcohol began the day alert and energized, and not surprisingly, the quality of their work was greatly improved. (We like to think of this a precursor to the modern office coffee service.)

    When were the first European cafes, or coffee houses founded?

    By the mid-17th century, there were over 300 coffee houses in London, many of which attracted like-minded patrons, including merchants, shippers, brokers and artists.
    Many businesses grew out of these specialized coffee houses. Lloyd’s of London, for example, came into existence at the Edward Lloyd’s Coffee House.
    The very first coffee houses in Vienna and in Paris were opened by Armenians. Johannes Diodato (or Hovhannes Astvatsatour, translating “God-given” – a very apt name for someone who pioneered dealing in coffee, as many would agree) led the way in the Hapsburg territories in the late 17th century, while one Pascal opened the first coffee-shop in Paris in 1672, followed by another Armenian, Maliban, that same year. Armenian fashions were in use in decorating the coffee-houses of that time. There is even an example of a coffee merchant referring to himself as “a naturalized Armenian” in a French play from 1696.

    When were the first European cafes, or coffee houses founded?

    By the dawn of the eighteenth century, contemporaries counted over 3,000 coffeehouses in London CREDIT: 2013 CULTURE CLUB/CULTURE CLUB
    There are indications that early coffee-houses in London and in Prague were likewise established by Armenians. The social and political roles that such coffee-houses played in the following centuries are reflected in the café cultures of European capitals going strong until today, and emulated elsewhere on the continent and all over the world.

    When were the first European cafes, or coffee houses founded?

    Zu den blauen Flaschen , (Schlossergassl) coffee house scene
    One word on the word. “Coffee” and its variants, such as “café”, “Kaffee”, “qahwa”, “kahve”, or “kofe”, dominate the name of the drink in just about all languages, except for two. One is from the original birthplace of the drink – in Amharic, a language of Ethiopia, it is called “buna” (which is also the word for “coffee bean” in Arabic). And the other is, of course, Armenian, which calls coffee “soorj” or “soorch” (in Western and Eastern pronunciation respectively). The origins of that word, which dates from at least 1787, are not clear. It could be a corruption of “sev choor” or “sev joor”, meaning “black water”, or it could be from the sound made when slurping a piping hot brew.
    SOURCES:
    The History of Coffee
    History of Viennese coffee house culture
    What is Death Cafe
    The Coffee House – A History – I Need Coffee
    The first European coffee-shops were established by Armenians
    The Evolution of the Coffee House
    The European coffee-house : a political history

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  3. Coffee houses began to be established in the mid-Seventeenth century. Edward Lloyd’s coffee house was established on Lombard Street, in the City of London, close to the Bank of England, in 1688 and quickly became popular with shipowners and merchants, among whom a ‘slip’ was passed around for the purpose of underwriting,or sharing the risks of sea voyages, brought a system that survives to this day. Insurance was brought to London by the Lombardy merchants from Genoa. Thus was born Lloyd’s of London, or correctly, ‘Lloyd’s’ and the Marine insurance market, the forerunner of today’s multi-class and worldwide insurance sector.

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  4. Vienna opened the first coffee houses soon after the besieging Ottoman Turks were repulsed —- in which Jan Sobieski’s Polish cavalry was more instrumental than French artillery mentioned in another (otherwise quite good) post here.
    The Arab origins of coffee is undeniable: Yemeni coffee is still quite famous. Interestingly, coffee was suspected and condemned not only by Christian authorities, but also by Islamic ones.

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  5. Coffee houses in England were popular meeting places for people in the 17 th and 18th century onwards.
    Coffee was introduced to England by travellers in the mid 17th century, previously being known only as a medicine.
    English coffeehouses in the 17th and 18th centuries – Wikipedia

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  6. Coffee according to the myth was discovered by a goat herder in Ethiopia, who raced to ask his priest for advice after watching his animals eat these beans. The monks did a few experiments to see if they were harmful, and coffee was born (900 ce) the Arabs established coffee houses in the 1550’s.
    Queen Elizabeth I , upset the neighbours, who were basically about to invade, by establishing trade routes with Morroco and the Ottomans. In 1652, Pasqua Rosee, an immigrant merchant trader from Smyrna, set up the first coffee house in London. The Turks Head as it later was called was located in St Michaels alley in Cornhill, His first clients were members of the Levent Company which regulated and organised trade with the Ottoman Empire.
    From The Kingdom’s Intelligencer, a weekly paper, published in 1662, – there had just been opened a “new Coffee- house,” with the sign of the Turk’s Head, where was sold by retail ” the right Coffee-powder,” from 4s. to 6s. Sd. per pound ; that pounded in a mortar, 2s. ; East India berry, Is. 6d. ; and the right Turkie berry, well garbled, at 3s. ” The ungarbled for lesse, with directions how to use the same.” Also Chocolate at 2s. 6d. per pound ; the perfumed from 4s. to 10s.; ” also, Sherbets made in Turkie, of lemons, roses, and violets perfumed; and Tea, or Chaa, according to its goodness. The house seal was Morat the Great. Gentlemen customers and acquaintances are (the next New Year’s Day) invited to the sign of the Great Turk at this new Coffee-house, where Coffee will be on free cost.” The sign was also Morat the Great. Morat figures as a tyrant in Dryden’s Aurung Zebe. There is a token of this house, with the Sultan’s head, in the Beaufoy collection.
    in 1662, the great Turk opened, and sold coffee tobacco and Turkish sweets and sorbets. People started wearing turbans, and most of the city traders decided to do business in them, a little like a golf course today? Pepys, in his Diary, tells, Sept. 25, 1669, of his sending for ” a cup of Tea, a China Drink, he had not before tasted.”By 1663, there were 83 coffee houses in London, Lloyds of London began as Edward Lloyds coffee house on Tower Street in 1688.

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  7. The first Kaffeehaus in Vienna is known to be founded in 1685 after the second siege of the Turks.
    But Greeks are known having prepared coffee as well, so it will be very difficult to find out the time, when it all started.
    Not to mention Italy, that is known, having been traders and food specialists around the whole mediterranean in those times.

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  8. Can explain the phenomenon Viennese Cafe. Coffee is a Turkish drink. Vienna was under Turkish besiege. With support of French artillery and French officers. Was liberated in 1683. The Turkish troops left their impedimenta. The Viennese citicens found jute sacs with green beans. An Armenian opened the first coffee house.
    The Viennese cafe got an institution. You really can feel free in a Wiener Cafe. With 60 different kinds of recommended preparations. Small or large, with a lot or without milk or whipped cream. With douzens of international newspapers. And literary cafes. You found Trotzki, Stalin, and hundreds of brilliant writers and journalists in Vienna. An oasis in the metropolis. My favourite is the Cafe next to Hotel Imperial. You could meet Niki Lauda or the President. You can still feel free for 30 minutes. Best in female company.

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  9. Coffee beans originated in Ethiopia, through the Arab world, up through the Ottoman lands, and passed into the hands of traders. Although coffee doesn’t grow in Armenia, the first European coffee houses were built in Paris in 1672 by two Armenians, Pascal and Maliban. (That’s well before the first Kaffeehaus in Vienna was founded in 1685 after the second siege of the Turks, although Vienna is also closely related to coffee.) In 1696 in a French play a coffee merchant refers to himself as “a naturalized Armenian,” giving us an idea of how strongly Armenia was connected to coffee in the public eye in France, if not in Vienna.

    Eight O’Clock

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