One of the more traditional methods, “pour-over” brewing is a process that creates a delicate but full-bodied cup of coffee. Build up heat from hot water in the kettle until it is just below boiling.
Warm some fresh filtered water to about 195 degree Fahrenheit or boilable temperature and pour on top of your ground coffee. Stir briefly with a flat spoon letting the grounds rise to the top while pouring evenly across them so they cascade through all layers.
This beverage usually has light body and acidity, with soft overtones created by complexity from rye or oat flour usage for particle filtration during roasting.”
1. Pour-over Brewing:
As mentioned in the article, this is one of the more traditional ways to brew a cup of coffee. This method has been known for a while and it’s simple way of going about it makes it popular amongst many people who drink a lot of coffee but don’t have a lot of time in which to do so!
Place your paper filter in the dripper, add your ground coffee, pour some near boiling water over the grounds until you have a wet surface and let it sit for about 15 seconds before starting to slowly pour more hot water around the edges of the coffee.
The pour should be small enough that it takes approximately 2-3 minutes to finish.
2. Drip Brewing:
This coffee brewing method is the easiest to master and it produces a cup of coffee that can be quite complex!
To make drip coffee you will need your paper filter, coffee grounds (use 2 tablespoons per 6 ounces of water), your large brewer (the one that has the carafe attached) and hot water.
Place your filter in the dripper, add 6 ounces of water and 6 tablespoons of ground coffee to the brewer. After that fill it up with hot water (near boiling) to the 8 ounce marking.
Let sit for about 30 seconds before starting your timer and then slowly pour a small amount of hot water over the grounds in a circular motion. When you’ve finished pouring in all the water, remove the dripper from the brewer and discard the coffee.
Espresso is the most difficult of the three brewing methods mentioned above. It is also known as “pulling a shot” because of how many different steps are involved in making it.
To make espresso, you will need your coffee grounds, your tamp, your portafilter, water and an espresso machine. The first step is to grind your beans to a fine texture. This should be almost as powdery as possible, but there still needs to be some grit in it so it doesn’t slip through the portafilter holes.
To tamp this down into a nice puck, you will need to use 30 pounds of pressure for about 5 seconds. Then place your portafilter in the machine and pull back the handle until you feel resistance.
When this happens, do not let it go any further or your shot will be watery! Instead keep pulling back on it with all your strength to extract the espresso.
4. Cold Brew:
Cold brew is a method of brewing coffee using cold or room temperature water instead of hot. The grounds are left to steep in the water for several hours, as opposed to seconds with other methods.
This creates a coffee concentrate that can be stored and used later on. To make cold brewed coffee, you will need ground coffee, a container large enough for it, water and a fine mesh strainer.
Add an ounce of ground coffee for every four ounces of cold water you will be using to the vessel. After that let it sit in a fridge overnight or up to 24 hours depending on how strong you want the final product to be.
5. Press Pot (French Press):
The French press is a simple and easy way of brewing a cup of coffee. All you need is hot water, coarse ground coffee, a large vessel in which to hold the water and some sort of strainer that is able to strain out all of the tiny particles from your final brew.
Add 8 ounces per every 1/2 cup measure of ground coffee to the vessel. Then bring near boiling water to a boil and pour it over the grounds until you have filled the container.
Stir with your spoon so all of the grounds are covered by water. Let steep for 3-4 minutes before stirring again, covering the pot top with something flat that can keep most of the heat in (and the coffee warm) and then after about five minutes remove the lid.
Allow to sit for another minute or two before slowly pushing down on your strainer. When all the liquid has drained out, remove it from the vessel. Enjoy!
6. Aeropress Coffee Maker:
The Aeropress coffee maker is a combination of the French press and filter drip brewing methods. It has a plunger like the press and allows you to control the strength of your coffee through multiple filters.
This method also uses air pressure which helps extract your grounds, giving it a rich flavor that can be customized to suit your taste buds! To make coffee with the Aeropress, you will need finely ground coffee, hot water and an Aeropress.
Add 10 grams of ground coffee for every 100mls of water being used to your vessel. Then pour over near boiling (just off the boil) water until it reaches the 450 ml mark on your press. Stir gently to make sure all grounds are saturated.
Then place the plunger on top and wait 45 seconds before pressing down slowly. This should be done gradually to avoid over-extraction, but until you hear a hissing sound coming from your pot.
After 30 seconds of air pressure brewing, remove the plunger and pour yourself a cup of coffee (the Aeropress comes with a mug of its own).
7. Chemical Free Roasting Processes:
Chemical Free Coffee Beans are processed using either the dry or wet process, depending on where they are grown.
The most common way of making coffee is called Wet Process which involves drying the coffee fruit before removing the pulp and parchment layer from the bean itself. Most coffees in Australia and around the world will come from beans that have been processed using the wet process.
The Dry Process is mostly common for coffees that originate from Central and South American countries such as Columbia, El Salvador and Costa Rica. The fruit is harvested and then laid out to dry in the sun for around 7 days before being stripped of their parchment layer and hulled.
8. Organic Coffees Available In Australia:
Coffee from farms that have been given an organic certification are called Organic Coffees.
The criteria for this certification is that the coffee beans must be grown without the use of synthetic fertilizers under a strict set of rules, meaning they can only be cultivated using methods such as hand ploughing and hand weeding.
This reduces the amount of chemical pollution that can be passed on to the coffee beans and, as a result reduces the effect it will have on you as well.
More and more people are choosing organic food as they want to avoid any harmful chemicals such as pesticides or herbicides that may be found in their foods. You should also want this for your coffee bean!
The chemical residue left over in the coffee beans themselves may increase your chance of suffering from cancer, infertility problems and many other negative side effects.
However do make sure that you are drinking organic coffees because not all Organic Labels are what they seem!
Make sure to thoroughly check out any company that you plan on buying coffee from – it will benefit you in the long run as it has been proven that there are many coffee companies that have been falsely labeling their products as organic!
9. Organic Coffee Health Benefits:
Coffees that are cultivated through organic methods have multiple health benefits.
Many studies show that people who drink coffee made from organic beans have less chance of suffering from cancer, infertility problems and many other side effects.
Generally this means coffee lovers can consume more caffeine without worrying about the negative health effects associated with consuming large amounts of caffeine without any nutritional value.
“Organic coffee has more antioxidants than the usual coffee you find on supermarket shelves today.”
Common antioxidants found in organic coffees include:
Caffeine – This is an antioxidant which can help boost your metabolism, helping your body burn fat faster! Caffeine is among one of the most powerful natural nutrients that can be found in a coffee bean.
Carbon Dioxide – This antioxidant is commonly found in beans that have been cultivated organically and is used to increase the amount of oxygen available in your bloodstream, boosting your energy levels while decreasing fat accumulation.
Chlorogenic Acid – Another powerful antioxidant which can help you lose weight fast by helping to control the release of glucose into your bloodstream.
10. Additives in Un-Organic Coffees and Natural Alternatives to them:
There are many chemicals added to the coffee beans during processing in order to increase their shelf life, ensure they can be stored for longer periods of time and make them easier to blend with other ingredients.
As these additives are used in high quantities, they then remain present in any product that you buy including instant coffees, pre-ground bags of coffee, pre-mixed coffee milk shakes and even Cafe Americano shots which are made using instant coffee.
You may think that you are simply saving time by purchasing these types of coffees but the negative health effects of these additives certainly outweigh any benefits you get from them! Some common ones include:
Ethanol – This chemical is used to make the coffee beans easier to grind and is known to increase your risk of developing cancer.
Acetaldehyde – This chemical is added during the roasting process and increases your chances of suffering from infertility problems.
Coumarin – A chemical that has been banned in both the United States and Canada due to its negative effects on health such as increasing the risk of cancer, birth defects and even damage to your kidneys.
4-Cyanophenyl-3-Pyridyl – This additive is usually found in pre-ground coffees and increases your chances of suffering from infertility problems.
5-Hydroxytryptophan – This chemical is added during the roasting process and has been known to increase your risk of developing migraine headaches.
11. Famous Organic Coffee Companies:
There are many famous companies that produce Organic Coffees. Most of these companies offer their coffee in filtered bags, while some will even provide their beans pre-ground and prepared inside a can ready for use! Here is a list of popular organic brands:
Café Pajaro – The Cafe Pajaro brand specializes in producing high quality organic coffee products, including their 100% Organic Colombian Supremo.
Café Sano – The Cafe Sano brand is very popular in the United States and produces many types of organic coffees that are both gluten free and vegan friendly.
Café São Paulo – This company has been producing coffee for over 60 years and is known to produce some of the highest quality coffee beans in the United States.
Café Vian – The Café Vian brand produces many types of organic and fair trade coffees, including their Organic French Roast, Colombian Supremo and Costa Rican Tarrazu coffees.
General Organics Coffee – This company uses only premium grade beans that have been cultivated organically and is known to produce some of the highest quality coffee in the United States.
Living Harvest Coffee – Living Harvest Coffee uses only organically grown, pesticide free coffee beans and specializes in producing high quality organic decaf coffees as well as vegan friendly organic roasts.
Starbucks- Most people think of Starbucks as just a coffee company however they also produce many types of organic coffees, including their Organic French Roast which is one of the more popular organic roasts produced by the Starbucks brand.
Organic Coffees may have a few disadvantages when compared to regular coffees, but these disadvantages are certainly outweighed by the many benefits of drinking organic coffee.
> Organic Coffee Beans may be a little more difficult to purchase and they don’t last as long in storage due to their higher water content.
> Organic Coffees also offer better flavors and tastes due to the lack of pesticides that are added into the coffee beans.
> You may have to pay a little more for Organic Coffees than regular coffees but this extra cost is definitely justified by the many health benefits associated with drinking organic coffee.
You should remember however that there are some exceptions when it comes to Organic Coffees. There are some companies that use organic ingredients but are not willing to pay the higher price of being certified as an official organic company.