Coffee Bean Types and Their Characteristics!

A variety of tastes are popping up across America, but it all comes down to what you prefer. Light roast is the most popular type of coffee bean in the world, with mild flavor and low acidity.

Medium-light roast has a medium body with slight sweetness. With dark roast, it doesn’t get more intense than this! It’s full bodied and balanced with subtle bittersweet undertones for an unparalleled experience so sip away!

1. 6 types of coffee beans:

1) Arabica Coffee (Coffea arabica):

The most popular bean. It has a mellow, sweet flavor and low acidity.
Caffeine content: approx. 1%-2%
Where can you find Arabica beans? Brazil, Colombia, El Salvador, Mexico and Peru are main exporters of Arabica beans.

2) Robusta Coffee (Coffea canephora var. robusta):

Found in many instant coffees due to its higher caffeine content, this darker roast has a stronger aroma and more bitter flavor.
Caffeine content: approx. 2%-4%
Where can you find Robusta beans? Mainly in China, Uganda and Vietnam.

3) Excelsa Coffee (Coffea excellsa):

A cross between Arabica and Robusta, Excelsa beans have a unique aroma with a hint of cherry.
Caffeine content: approx. 3%-6%
Where can you find Excelsa beans? Mainly in Malaysia, Thailand and Indonesia.

4) Liberica Coffee (Coffea liberica):

This is the least known bean in the bunch due to its low yield and high cost of production, but it’s known for its fragrant aroma and full body.
Caffeine content: approx. 2%-5%
Where can you find Liberica beans? Mainly in West Africa.

5) Catuai Coffee (Coffea catuai):

With a mild taste, it’s perfect for blended coffees along with other flavors.
Caffeine content: approx. 2%-5%
Where can you find Catuai beans? Mainly in Brazil, Colombia, El Salvador and Guatemala.

Read more:  What’s the Best Way to Reheat Coffee?

6) Maragogype Coffee (Coffea maragogipe):

Large beans are the signature of this variety which are great for blending at high altitudes.
Caffeine content: approx. 3%-6%
Where can you find Maragogype beans? Mainly in Mexico, Nicaragua and Panama.

Coffee beans come in a variety of roasts and flavors. Roasted beans are graded by type, which determines the flavor of your brew.
The three main types of coffee bean roasting are:

Light Roast: Light Roast beans are the most popular, with low acidity and a mild flavor.

Medium-Light Roast: Medium-light roast is balanced and smooth with a stronger taste than light roast.

Dark Roast: Dark roast has a full body and bittersweet flavors that enhance your drink!

2: Instructions on how to roast:

Coffee Bean Types
Coffee Bean Types

Light Roast : Light roasting brings out the best in each bean. Roasted beans smell like fresh cut grass and flowers, with a thin layer of chaff floating at the top. It should take about ten minutes for it to achieve its peak roast.

Medium-Light Roast: The crema should be just right when medium-light roast is done. Beans should be evenly brown and oily. Roast for 15 minutes to reach its peak roast.

Dark Roast: You need a fire extinguisher and gloves (preferably oven mitts) for this type of roast! Don’t worry, it’s normal if the smoke gets in your eyes or nose because that means it’s at its peak roast.

Dark roast will release the most oil and be an evenly brown color that smells like toasted nuts or burnt toast. This roast should take 20 minutes or more, depending on how much coffee it is.

3. Differences between each type of coffee bean and their benefits:

Light Roast: Light roast has a low acidity and a mild, smooth flavor that is perfect for any time of the day.

Medium-Light Roast: Medium-light roast tastes stronger than light roast but isn’t bitter or acidic. It’s perfect for someone who loves coffee flavors without the bitterness!

Dark Roast: Found at the peak roast, dark roast has full flavor and body to give you an unforgettable experience!

4. How to brew the perfect cup of coffee for your tastes:

Water: Use the right amount of water for your coffee maker! The standard is two tablespoons or two “doons” per cup, but if you want stronger coffee then use less water.

Read more:  How to Brew with a Siphon Coffee Maker!

Grind Size: Next, grind either medium-fine or fine depending on the brewer you are using because different brewers require different grinds. The size of the grind depends on how long you let your coffee brew.

Heat: Make sure to keep track of the temperature when brewing so it’s not too hot! The standard is between 195-205 degrees Fahrenheit for most brewers, or until “the slow trickle” comes through.

Time: Always remember that timing is key when brewing a fresh cup of coffee! The average time for different types of brewers is two to four minutes.

Set it and forget it: Use filtered water, the right amount of coffee grounds, heat, and timing to make a good first impression with your guests! Make sure to keep experimenting until you find what works for you!

Light Roast: The lightest roast with low acidity.

Medium-Light Roast: The medium ground that has a balanced flavor without being too bitter or acidic.

Dark Roast: The strongest type of coffee bean that is bitter but also aromatic! After all, you only live once so go ahead and enjoy your cup of coffee!

5. Other Types of Coffee Beans (Espresso, Decaf)

Coffee Bean Types

Espresso: Espresso beans are a bit more intense than your regular roast because it is ground extra fine and extracted for a short time. This type of bean is very aromatic, slim, and has a high concentration of oils with low acidity.

Decaf: Decaf is made from coffee beans that have been through a special process to remove caffeine. It’s important to buy organic and fair trade decaf beans because it is easier on the farmer and their environment!

6. How to store your coffee:

How to Roast Coffee Beans
How to Roast Coffee Beans

Coffee Beans: Always keep your coffee in an air-tight container and keep at room temperature away from direct sunlight. Also, don’t grind your coffee beans until you are ready to brew them!

Ground Coffee: It’s important to use your opened bag of ground coffee within one week because the longer it sits, the more flavor is lost. If you don’t want to waste any coffee, use a grinder to make sure it all stays fresh until you’re ready to brew!

Read more:  Does Decaf Coffee Taste Different? (10 reasons why decaf coffee)

Brewed Coffee: It’s best to drink your coffee within an hour of brewing it because once the hot liquid cools, you will lose a lot of flavor. After that window passes, use a container with a lid and keep at room temperature!


How long will coffee last after it has been roasted?
Coffee beans can be stored for up to two months after roasting, but I recommend drinking the coffee within one week.
If you must keep your unopened bag of beans longer than a month, store in a dark place at room temperature! This way you can enjoy your coffee for as long as possible!

How can I always have a fresh cup of coffee?
The best way to make sure you’re always ready to brew is to grind your beans and store them within one week.
This way, you will always be ready to drink the freshest cup of coffee without wasting any! Also, always use filtered water to help bring out the best flavor!

What type of coffee should I buy? (Light, Medium, Dark)
It really depends on your personal preference. If you like lighter coffee with less caffeine, choose a light roast.
If you want full flavor and body without being too heavy or acidic, go for a medium roast. If you are looking for the strongest coffee with high caffeine, then go for a dark roast!

How long should I brew my coffee?
Most drip brewers should be brewed two to four minutes but taste is subjective and can depend on what type of brewer you’re using. Keep experimenting until you find what works for you!


Coffee is a great drink to enjoy with family and friends, but be sure to keep experimenting and find out what type of coffee you like the most!

From dark roasts to light roasts, you can easily make a bold cup of coffee without spending too much. It’s not hard at all! With these tips in mind, you’ll be able to get creative with your coffee and make it taste perfect every time!

Leave a Comment